Chakras are energy centers within the body that come from Eastern traditions. They are both universal and not universal at the same time.
By this, I mean their metaphorical or symbolic meaning is universal, while their physical or rather metaphysical (spiritual) reality is not. Each of the chakras both represent a specific kind of energy such as sexual or mental energies, but they also represent opening yourself up to being fully yourself.
Fully yourself is enlightenment in a sense, as it is not only knowing yourself, but also acting as yourself. In our daily lives, we often avoid or hide from the reality of us, as it is not only scary to be yourself all the time, but it is also not something everyone will appreciate.
In society today, it is more acceptable to place blame on external problems or people, rather than to take personal responsibility. Working with chakras will change that if you do so fairly often, as you are working directly with your own energy, and becoming aware of how that energy effects all parts of your life.
Yes, I'll actually get to describing how to work with them, but I want to give a sense of what they are, and how working with them can change your life. If you are not looking to be a better, more realized you, you should probably skip this and stick to spells.
The following information comes from: http://www.chakraenergy.com/seven.html
Colour Association: Red
Sanskit Name: Muladhara
Location: Base of spine, coccyx
Survival?The right to exist. Deals with tasks related to the material and physical world. Ability to stand up for oneself and security issues.
Anemia, fatigue, lower back pain, sciatica, depression. Frequent colds or cold hands and cold feet.
Physical exercise and restful sleeps, gardening, pottery and clay. Red food & drink. Red gemstones, red clothing, bathing in red, etc. Using red oils such as ylang ylang or sandalwood essential oils.
Colour Association: Orange
Sanskit Name: Svadisthana
Location: Below navel, lower abdomen
Feelings?The right to feel. Connected to our sensing abilities and issues related to feelings. Ability to be social and intimacy issues.
Eating disorders. Alcohol and drug abuse. Depression. Low back pain. Asthma or allergies. Candida & yeast infections. Urinary problems. Sensuality issues as well as impotency and frigidity.
Hot aromatic baths, water aerobics, massage.Embracing sensation (such as different food tastes). Orange food & drink. Orange gemstones and orange clothing. Using orange oils such as melissa or orange essential oils.
~Solar Plexus Chakra~
Colour Association: Yellow
Sanskit Name: Manipura
Location: Above the navel, stomach area
Personal power-The right to think. Balance of intellect, self-confidence and ego power. Ability to have self-control and humor.
Digestive problems, ulcers, diabetes, hypoglycemia, constipation. Nervousness, toxicity, parasites, colitis, poor memory.
Solar Plexus Stimulants:
Taking classes, reading informative books, doing mind puzzles. Sunshine. Detoxication programs. Yellow food & drink. Yellow gemstones and yellow clothing. Using yellow oils such as lemon or rosemary essential oils.
Colour Association: Green
Sanskit Name: Anahata
Location: Center of chest
Relationships- The right to love. Love, forgiveness, compassion. Ability to have self-control. Acceptance of oneself.
Heart and breathing disorders. Heart and breast cancer. Chest pain. High blood pressure. Passivity. Immune system problems. Muscular tension.
Nature walks, time spent with family or friends. Green food & drink. Green gemstones and green clothing. Using green oils such as eucalyptus or pine essential oils.
Colour Association: Blue
Sanskit Name: Visuddha
Location: Throat region
Relationships?The right to speak. Learning to express oneself and one?s beliefs (truthful expression). Ability to trust. Loyalty. Organization and planning.
Thyroid imbalances, swollen glands. Fevers and flu. Infections. Mouth, jaw, tongue, neck and shoulders problems. Hyperactivity. Hormonal disorders such as PMS, mood swings, bloating and menopause.
Singing (in the shower), poetry, stamp or art collecting. Meaningful conversations. Blue food & drink. Blue gemstones and blue clothing. Using blue oils such as chamomile or geranium essential oils.
Colour Association: Indigo
Sanskit Name: Anja
Location: Forehead, in between the eyes.
Intuition?The right to ?see.? Trusting one?s intuition and insights. Developing one?s psychic abilities. Self-realization. Releasing hidden and repressed negative thoughts.
Learning disabilities, co-ordination problems, sleep disorders. Depression Thyroid imbalances, swollen glands. Fevers and flu. Infections. Mouth, jaw, tongue, neck and shoulders problems. Hyperactivity. Hormonal disorders such as PMS, mood swings, bloating and menopause.
Star gazing. Mediation Indigo food & drink. Indigo gemstones and indigo clothing. Using indigo oils such as patchouli or frankincense essential oils.
Colour Association: Violet
Sanskit Name: Sahasrara
Location: Top of head
Knowingness?The right to aspire. Dedication to the divine consciousness and trusting the universe. Learning about one?s spirituality. Our connection to the concept of ?God? or a higher intelligence. Integrating one?s consciousness and subconsciousness into the superconsciousness.
Headaches. Photosensitivity. Mental illness. Neuralgia.Senility. Right/left brain disorders and coordination problems. Epilepsy. Varicose veins and blood vessel problems. Skin Rashes.
Focusing on dreams. Writing down one?s visions and inventions. Violet food & drink. Violet gemstones and violet clothing. Using violet oils such as lavender or jasmine essential oils.
Working with the Chakras:
Now, you can work with them through meditation, however, it is not necessary. I, myself, am one of those who has always worked with them indirectly. Indirectly working with the chakras simply requires that you become aware of certain things in your life, and that you change those things. Such as working on your public speaking and being open about your feelings will be working with your throat and heart chakras respectively.
Working with them through meditation is rather simple. Often the chakras are visualized as lotus flowers, wheels, or energy balls. These are then cleansed of negativity or dark spots and spun. In the case of lotus flowers, they can also bloom. By doing this, you are cleansing and opening them.
You can also "close" your chakras if you are having issues with them being open. By open and closed, I mean active and less active. The chakras are never fully closed or fully open truthfully, as the levels of them change constantly.