Covens Spell Casters  ► Articles  ► Beltane - Festivals of Magick!
Rated 4/5 Stars
Beltane, the fifth sabbat, is coming. Here's what its all about!

Beltane is the fire and fertility in which we welcome summer and coax it to join us. Since the festival was first celebrate by the Celts, and they figured days from sundown to sundown, this celebration begins at sunset on April 30 and continues through sunset on May 1.

The word Beltane itself comes from the Welsh words 'tan' (meaning fire) and 'Bel' (which is the name of the Welsh Sky God). Combined, the words mean "FIRE IN THE SKY," creating a wonderfully appropriate name for invoking the spirit of summer.

Traditional, two babies (one of each sex) were selected annually to be trained for the roles of the Stag Lord and the May Queen. Their time came at the age of fourteen, and the boy, in his role of the Stag Lord, ran with the deer. At some point, the dominant buck, or Great Stag, of the herd would sense the intruder, and it was up to the Stag Lord to overcome him. Returning victorious and undamaged, the Stag Lord then mated with the May Queen in symbolic consummation of the marriage between the god and goddess, bringing fertility to all of the lands around them.

Although this ritual was of major importance to the celebration of Beltane, it by no means was the only custom which the festival was associated. The celebrants danced around the Maypole in a clockwise motion, the direction of the Sun's journey across the face of the Earth, while weaving flowers and vines tightly to its surface. The pole maintained its reign in the center of the village until it was replaced the following year, at which time it was split into logs to fuel the new Beltane fire.

The Beltane fires burned throughout the entire celebration as a symbol of the Sun's lengthening reign of the sky. Livestock was driven between two bonfires during the festival, as a measure to protect them from disease in the coming year. The frail and sick also passed between the two fires to obtain the Sun's healing blessings. This procedure was very important, for sick people are seldom fruitful, and to ancient people, fertility was a matter of life and death! Abundance of the land and livestock ensured a plentiful food supply, and fertility of the people meant that the procreation of humankind would continue without fail.

Although an ancient festival, Beltane is still celebrated today over the world, by Pagans and Christians alike. The Dance of the Maypole I'd still a common practice as the Spirit of Summer Is "conjured" in, and people everywhere adorn themselves with floral delights and brightly coloured clothes. There are games for the children, and it is a common practice for couples to jump over the bonfire of fertility and general good luck. Gardens are blessed and May baskets are delivered to the elderly with cheer and good tidings. It is still a day of frivolity, sensuality, and delight (but it is also a good day to reflect upon our ancestors and give thanks to the Lord and the Lady for our good fortune).

Now that's done, here are some more facts:


What deities are related to Beltane?

May Queen, Stag Lord, Jack-In-The-Green and the Greenman.


Any related herbs?

Frankincense, roses, lemon balm and lemon thyme.


Are any stones related?

Quartz Crystal, sunstone, orange calcite and malachite!


I hope everyone learned something and has a great Beltane!

Thanks for reading


Added to on Apr 02, 2017
Last edited on Dec 17, 2021
Part of the Spell Casters Library.

Beltane May 1st, 2020

read more

Check out these other Beltane Articles!
Learn more about Beltane and spells and rituals focused around the time of year between the beginning of Spring and start of Summer.


Comments are open to members. Join today and be part of the largest pagan / new age community online.

May 02, 2021
I was wondering, how exactly did the Stag lord and May queen mate (in terms of the fourteen year olds)? Did they actually, you know (I'm not going to say this cause I'm not sure about how the rules see it and don't feel like getting gagged). If so, was it consensual or...? Sorry if this weirded you out, but I want to know.

May 05, 2021
I'm no expert on Wicca [I did study it when I first converted] The timeframe for the wheel of the year is a bit wonky. Each sabbat has a story behind it, and it's told in a year cycle, but since they're Gods, I'd argue it took more than a year, so their ages aren't exactly 5 by Imbolc, 10 by Ostara, 15 by Beltane and so on, but it's a rough childhood, teens, young adult. At Beltane, they're roughly early 20's. The tale of their love is consensual. The Horned God sees the Maiden Goddess around Ostara, and while there are no tales of their first date shenanigans, it is a celebration of their love. The pair complete each other and are meant to represent true love [or whatever you consider the purest love. The two half of a whole that lasts forever] This isn't like Hades and Persephone where they were faithful and love grew after the kidnapping, this is a they meet, they get to know each other, they fall in love, they get married type of story. [As the wheel continues from here, the Goddess becomes a mother and the God gives up his life for the harvest, she then becomes the crone that mourns the loss of her love, who is reborn on Yule and the cycle begins again] Hopefully, that cleared up any confusion you may have.

* All information on this page is provided by the coven or person named and the contents of this page is not mediated by the administrators of the website. Please use common sense when following any directions on this page. Do not ingest anything which does not seem safe. If you suspect the content of this page to be intentionally deceiving please contact us immediately.