No, or at least not in the Hollywood sense. Blood sucking vampires are works of fiction, the closest thing to a living "sanguine" vampire is merely a person with a psychological condition that makes them believe they need to drink blood to live, they do not it is merely a belief. What is more commonly accepted is the notion of a psychic vampire, a perfectly ordinary human being that merely consciously and/or subconsciously rains energy from those around them often leaving them feeling tired or in a poor mood.
Ultimately the blood sucking, sunburning, garlic-phobic, bat transforming, super strong, super fast creatures of the night however is merely a myth that has been added to over time to create the modern vampire story. Originally these myths are likely based on strange causes of death including parasites, disease, disappearances and "creative" murderers.