Disclaimer: Some of this information is based off of personal experience.
I was talking earlier in chatter with a friend, and he was talking about how his "matron" was a specific Goddess.
And lately, I had to say something about it.
I have noticed people who start out their path in the occult (or another path they've chosen for themselves) automatically resort to finding a patron deity, or a deity that they feel called to (at least most I've seen). I see guys who start out, seem to be drawn to a masculine energy, i.e., "patron". The word is adopted right after they start developing a relationship with this specific God (guys, don't take offense if you work mostly with a Goddess instead) and begin to call them their patron. Asking "Who is your patron?" is a very common question here, and many take pride in sharing this.
The word patron comes from the latin term " pater " or " patr ", meaning "father". Someone who claims to work with a patron deity, is saying that they are working with a male deity. I've even seen a few call a Goddess a patron before.
When girls start on their path, they seem to aim for a feminine energy, much like how most are drawn to Hekate, or Diana/ [insert a lunar Goddess name here] . They establish a connection, and grow through that.
Now, to get the meat of this somewhat rant.
I'm not trying to pick on the girls here, I'm basically stating what I have seen through the time I have been on this site, and been practicing. For those who work with a Goddess, I've seen them call their Goddess, their "matron". I have to confess, the first time I started out working with the Olympians, I called Athena my "matron". But realizing down the road that this is not the correct term for a female deity that I've personally worked with. Most people assume that the female term for patron is "matron". While this is somewhat annoying and incorrect, I'm not saying it's wrong to work with a Goddess either.
Matron, is also derived from the Latin "matr" or "mater", which, you can guess, means "mother".
a : a married woman usually has a high social position
b :a woman who supervises women or children (as in a school or police station)
c :the chief officer in a women's organization
On a basic term, a matron is a womanly figure, maybe even a mom. No where in the dictionary reference I just posted said "female Goddess" or "female term for patron". A correct term if you choose to use it, is patroness. Or simply, a devotee of a specific God/dess.
I hope I made this clear. Other opinions are welcome for a discussion. :)