So you just started to look at spells and the craft. Wither it be Pagan, Wiccan, Hoodoo, Wicca Christian, or others you may be lost on what to learn first. Normally beginners will try their hand at spell work before anything else, if not than read up on some stuff than try it out. Only to come to the conclusion that spells do not work because they didn't wait long enough, did it wrong, or just did it without understanding what it really does.
Spells take time for them to work. There are always steps to take in order to do something. The bigger the task, the longer it will take. For example, if you do a wish spell to change the name of your street than it will take quite some time before that happens. But if you cast one to get donuts than it may happen within two hours or so. (Wish spell is just an example)
Spells take a certain degree of patience. Some will rush it without practice or because they want to see the outcome right away. Because it is rushed they may miss an important step or ruin something and try to do a quick fix on it. Depending on the damage they do on the spell casting will depend how strong the spell effect will be or if it will work at all.
Having an understanding on the spell will give you a better use on the items you are using. If you know that the color blue means calming and relaxing than you will most likely relax a bit when lighting it. If the spell is a healing spell than you will feel like you are getting better while lighting it. All items are range by different meanings, if you understand which meaning will be best for the spell then the better your willpower towards the spell will work.
The only way to get better is to study your stuff. But in order to study you need to understand where to start off at. It could be learning how to tell which spell is fake or real (http://www.spellsofmagic.com/spells/beauty_spells/glamour_spells/243/page.html is fake and http://www.spellsofmagic.com/spells/spiritual_spells/defense_spells/9851/page.html is real). If you look at the eye color spell you will notice the lack of information it gives you. It also gives you some candles but having the candles doesn't make any sense. Why Orange and pink? While the door protection spell gives you a lot of information and even a larger list of stuff you need. Be warn that even if the list is big doesn't mean it is real, the way to tell is to see how each item is being used. And lastly it gives you a time and day to cast this for more strength.
There are also spells that will seem like they will work but in most cases they have some stuff you have never heard of. It is always best to do some research on anything you do not know or understand what it is and used for. Even if you are not going to cast a spell it is always best to keep a journal with all of your findings and add more in it on your free time. A page for colors, herbs, symbols, runes, languages, hours and days, numbers, and so on. This way you can look back on it and remember what it stands for.
Now that things are covered in that area we can move on to the types of spells.
Candle magick is spells that mainly use, you guess it, candles! Candles can be a powerful tool if you know how to use it. The type of wax, the color, the string, the size, even how the candle is shaped as. All of that plays into the spell and it is best to get the right candle to get the right outcome. If you want to make that into your major then it is best to write down all the information you can find. This way when you find a candle magick spell, you can tweak it to make it better. Knowledge is power my friends.
Charms is for people that will like to see their work on paper, people like me. I love drawing symbols onto the parchment paper for the beauty in them. Symbols and such are used to keep a spell bound and working for some time. This takes more work than candle magick because there are countless symbols into our world and history. A line has meaning and all of the little details you overlooked. I have around six different books full of different symbols and languages I could use just in case. With symbols and charms, you will also need to understand what color means too due to the ink you will use.
General spells are stuff like protection, healing, wish, luck, and such like those. Those spells can be candle magick or charm magick or even something else like mind over matter. These can be done by having tools or even no tools. A good spell to look at is the witch's bottle. It is a protection spell where you need a jar and nails. Put the nails into the jar and you could even add Lemon juice (to replace the pee). Oh and you could add some of your hair or toe/finger nails so the hex and bad energy that is targeting you will be trapped in the jar. This doesn't normally involve candles or writing on the jar, but using real tools like nails, jars, and such as the spell. Herbs also count in this but you can cast a spell mainly with just herbs if you try hard enough.
The last area I will go into will be the dark spells. Curses and hexes will do number on someone if done right. Now there are a lot of people that discourage on studying and casting such stuff but it is still useful to understand what you are going against. In order to learn Defense Magick you must know your enemy and their tools. If you are going into protection and defense of such things than it is best to learn how those spells work. The normal stuff is getting your name, DNA, birthday, location, anything the curse can target on you. This doesn't mean you should keep yourself a mystery but understand how the spell finds you and how you can reduce it from harming you. This is the art of destroying spells, not creating spells. Anyway to reduce the effect of the spell, banish it, or even end it early. Of course I only use this on spells that will do harm to me but you can do it on a less evil kind of spell. It just takes you understanding the type of spell they are using and what you can do it stop it.
In the end, it just takes studying the stuff you wish to major in. Even if you have been doing it for years and years you are still learning and creating/destroying. It takes a lot of work to be a caster if that is your desire. If not than you can always keep your believes and walk the path, you don't need to cast spells or rites.
Thank you all for reading this all the way, hopefully this helps someone.