I'd say we actually have potential rather than existing "powers" (gods I hate that word lol).
Most if not everyone is born with what you call "powers", and most people end up ignoring them to the extent that they dissipate into mere potential.
You do not need to develop any one ability or "power" to gain access to the next, but there is room for progression with anything.
You also can't rush this sort of thing, if it happens sooner than later so be it, if it doesn't, get used to it.
Such is life...
I suggest you check into divination because spells are not the suggested way to go when attempting to develop these "powers" you speak of.