"Not true. Gold can be made. There are scientist who have done it. Problem is, the gold is radioactive due to the process. So, get yourself some very expensive machinery and have at it."-Yagami
It doesn't turn radioactive, it's just way too expensive to do it..
Let's hear this from a very enthusiastic Chem Student!
Yes, it is possible to turn any element into other elements.
This is the Detailed Explanation of Luzifer's last post.
Now any person that's studied chemistry before knows that an atom is determined by the number of protons. Through Particle Accelerators, the latest one that has been built is the Large Hadron Collider, some of you may have heard last year in September how they said it may create a black hole as its first session of smashing atoms was commenced.
Using these Particle Accelerators, scientists have been able to obtain many different elements synthetically, which is why our Periodic Table of Elements is so large compared to the days of old-school alchemy. Theoretically, what they do to synthesize elements is shove extra protons (most important as it determines the element), extra electrons and extra neutrons, into a stable element's atom. By doing this, the new element usually becomes unstable. These new elements are so unstable that they only exist for a second.. maybe even less, and because they are so unstable, the new elements' atoms screw up, and the protons, electrons, neutrons rearrange themselves to simpler more stable elements.
Why not turn stuff into gold you may ask?
Well.. Pure gold isn't actually useful, as many pure metals are malleable (workable) thus, they can be deformed very easily. Yes, if you had 24 Carat gold ring, you could actually bend it.. which is why you only find alloys (metals with small amounts of other metals mixed) in 'gold' rings.
Second of all, firstly, it's expensive for the particle accelerators to be built.. and it's very expensive to operate them..
Kts, the process they use, is basically a ****load of heat and compression with machines, to recreate the natural conditions of the diamond making process. It is not hard to do, you just need to have the money to buy the machinery.
Diamonds are carbon atoms bonded in a Covalent Network. Since the covalent network never really ends.. and it only contains one type of element, there is no definite carbon atoms in a diamond.
Coal is also carbon compressed naturally, just not as long and not with the extreme compression needed with diamonds.
You could also create diamonds from pencils, because they use graphite.
Graphite is a carbon allotrope, which is just a formation of carbon atoms. C2(subscript) is Graphite.
Diamonds, Coal, Graphite are all still carbon atoms, they're just bonded differently.
I hope you have learned some chem knowledge today =]
If you need any high-school standard chemistry help, feel free to ask me =D