Elder Furthark runes were runes used throughout Germanic tribes in the early first century A.D: they were used in places in Northern Europe including Scandinavian, Swedish, German, Norwegian, Icelandic, Danish, and English tribes. These days, they're the most common runes we see. The ancient alphabet, which can be translated into 'secret' or 'mystery', is now commonly used for divination and magic. Here's the basics of the Elder Furthark runes.
Runic magic comes in the form of Galdr (incantation), Galdralag (spell-metre in poetry), Galdrastafir (spell-staves), and Bind-Runes (Runes combined for specific intent). The main difference between Galdrastafir and Bind-Runes is that the former is more akin to Icelandic sigils and allows horizontal and curved lines (whereas Runes can only be vertical and diagonal straight lines).
Stadhagaldr is called "Runic Yoga" and is a practice where you embody the runes with your body. It is not a practice of mine, however, and I cannot speak on it further.
Also, please cite your sources as the list you you have here is word for word in this blog: