If you believe in reincarnation, then the answer would be indubitably yes, you are not your life, but a soul merely passing through from birth to death and then on to another existence. In this case you could have attachments and memories from before this life that effect your current life.
Those who believe in soul mates and kindred spirits believe in reincarnation. These are bonds that have been made before this life and will remain throughout it and into the next.
If you want to understand more about learning beyond yourself, you may want to Google the Akashic Records.
But do understand this is BELIEF not FACT and should never be spoken of as fact, as to not disrespect others. In the same light, those that do not believe this should not nay say it just because it is not of their ideology. Reincarnation is one of the oldest religious concepts worldwide and is integrated in some form into most religions, besides the newer ones such as Christianity and Islamic faiths.