Spellcasting has been around for millenia and it has involved love spells, cursing, good luck, and just about anything and everything. Even so far as vampire spells and werewolf spells.
However, not all spells are real such as vampire and werewolf spells. It is important to be able to tell what spells are real and fake.
When you cast a spell, it is usually a combination of energy and visualisation that gets the job done efficiently. Spellcasting, like everything in magick and the occult is not easy. It requires patience and understanding. Remember, what you put into your magick, you get back in results.
Some people use wands while casting spells as they can aid in directing energy. Others use their hands and visualise their fingers are like wands, and some use just their mind.
Usually the more experienced you are in magick and the occult, the less you need to use for tools.
As time went on, the Christian Church became big worldwide and witches had to hide themselves away or they may face death. Now, in this modern world of ours, we are more accepting with magick, religion, and other such stuff that was considered taboo even fifty years ago.
Thank you for reading. :)