The Egyptian Goddess, Bast has various areas of influence that developed over time. In early days she was the fierce lion headed goddess of the lower Nile who protected the Pharaoh and the Sun God Ra. This is why she has the title Goddess of Protection. She was also know by several names including Bastet, Basthet, Ubasti and Pasht. The name Pasht is the root of our word passion, linking her to physical pleasure .
In the Book of the Dead she is mentioned as destroying the bodies of the deceased, with the royal flame, if they failed the judgement hall of Maat.
Later she was depicted with the head of a domestic cat, representing her nurturing aspects
As a Cat Goddess she also. protected households from snakes and rats and ensured the health of the occupants .
She was linked to music and dance due to the special rattle she carried known as the Sistrum. These special rattles were used to celebrate her festivals .
In common with many Egyptian Goddesses, her linage is complicated . She was the daughter of Ra and is often said to be the sister of Sekhmet.