Athena Is an Ancient Greek Goddess. (hellenic paganism)
She was indeed the Goddess of wisdom (*), justice, law, civilisation, craft and intelegence. (In some cases in modern times she represents education)
She is similar to the roman Goddess Minerva.
Symbols that represent her: olive tree, shield.
(*) ( Aris was the God of war)
In odessey the belief that Athena appreciated m en was first introduced but I do not neccesarly think it has to do with the gender. It could be related to one's intellegenge (like in the case of Odessey) or one's ability and faith.