More about the Finnish Gods
The purpose of this post is to better understand the Finnish paganism by learning more about their Gods, Sabbats and practices.
Ukko and Akka
*Ukko : This is the chief God. He was the God of weather, sky,thunder and harvest. He is the leader of all Gods. He is similar to the Greek God Zeus, and to eshonian mythology to Uku. Ukko was the most significant diety for the finnish people. Even though finnish paganism is a polytheistic religion its followers seem to show a significant ammaount of respect and worship to Ukko.
The most important (****) sabbats are dedicated to this God.
The midsummer festival is still the most important festival in finland. In that festival today finnish people celebrate the big days and small nights. In this time in finland the sun is up for more than 12 hours. The celebration lasts all day. I took part in that celbration once and I can say with certainty that is a celebration of joy. Before christ this celebration was dedicated to the God Ukko which is not surprising if we consider that many religions represent their God with light, sun (source of creation) the sun element is powerful that day and this could be why it is dedicated to Ukko (even though Ukko usually was related to weather conditions, rain and thunder is still the main God, therefore the sourse of creation, and that is why this festival was dedicated to him_see 25 of december meaning ***)
Another festival dedicated to Ukko isVakkajuhlat which takes place in May and is the beggining of the spring and therefore the spring rain (Ukko) which helps in the harvest.
Akka : The first Akka was name Maderakka and she was the mother of all and protector of women and children. also she was the Goddess of fertility and family. She was considered to be the one who gave humans their bodies. Also the one who made a home for the soul. She later had three daughters:
Sarakka she was the goddess of sexuality, fertility pregnacy and child birth. Pregnant women would pray to her. She is very popular to finnish women and highly worshiped by them.
Uksakka she can be also considered Goddess of fertility since according to finnish beliefs she is the one who forms the fetus and determines the baby's sex. Women used to pray to her too during their pregnency or try to get pregnant.
Juksakka she was simply the protector of children very loved by the finnish pagans.
So basically her powers were divided and shared within her three daughters.
In finnish mythology Akka is also the Goddess of the underworld.-made home for the soul- she didn't only give the bodies to humans but also guides their soul after their bodies death.(** The perception of the underworld in finnish paganism is that people continue their lives there forever.)
Also she was the wife of Ukko and therefore mother of all as I said previously.
* Part 1
** Part 3
online dictionary: any of eight neo-pagan religious festivals commemorating phases of the changing seasons