The persians did not come up with the devil. They came up with the concept of duality, where there is an equal and opposite thing to everything in the universe. Light and darkness, day and night, oceans and deserts, good and evil, silence and noise? the list is endless. And to be more specific it wasn?t the people of Persia, it was the Persian Magi.
Another concept they came up with was Ahura Mazda and Angra Mainyu ? the avestean words for supreme wisdom and complete ignorance. The concept of duality became popular and was adopted by several people. It is only with time that people (not the Persian Magi) began personifying wisdom and ignorance with god and the devil, giving them different names and forms in different cultures.
It would be much nicer to give complete information, instead of making random statements about who came up with the devil.
The pentagram also known as the pentacle, the pentapha or the pentangle, is a five pointed star, formed by 5 straight lines between pentagon and a circle around it. The word pentagram comes from the greek word ?Penta? which means five and ?gramma? which means letter. Some historians have traced the pentagram to greece and have also called it ?the star of venus?. However, several argue that it came to Greece from the east with alexander?s invasions.
Some believe that the Pentagram is a symbol of the Persian Magi, who were perhaps the first known astrologers.
The pentagram has also been found on postherds of the pre-cuniform Uruk period of Babylonia and even Mesopotamia. The symbol appears in Egyptian hieroglyphics associated by Goddess Sodpet, known to represent the brightest star in the night sky. The hebrews looked upon the pentacle as a symbol of truth and the five books of Pentatuech. The pentagram is also associated with the star of david. The pentagram was found on Gnostic amulets, which contained the name YHWH in it. Early christians associated it with the 5 wounds of christ. The pentagram in christianity is often also called the ?star of bethlehem or the star of the Magi?.
The pentagram is found on the graves of the Templar Knights in France as well as being an important part of their architecture. The shrine of Rennes du Charters, which was the centre of templar activtiy is situated in the centre of a ring of mountains that form an almost perfect natural pentagram.
The pentagram has also been a symbol popular with masonic groups and neo pagan religions.
Each culture has given the five points of the pentagram a different meaning, representing a wide spectrum of things?elements of nature, angels, planets, so on and so forth. It?s difficult to pen everything about the pentagram in one or two posts. People have spent their lives trying to figure it out and trace its history. Many books have been written about it. And yet, we cant seem to pin it down completely. But it goes without saying that was a symbol that people revered.
Is the pentagram good or bad? Well, like all things in magic, it really depends how you use it and with what intent.